Definition intimidating witness


20-Dec-2019 03:32

It is not necessary to prove that the behavior was so violent as to cause mean terror or that the victim was actually frightened.

Threat, criminal threatening (or threatening behavior) is the crime of intentionally or knowingly putting another person in fear of bodily injury.

Criminal harassment in Northern Ireland carries the following maximum sentences: In addition to the criminal sanction, a civil court (county court or high court) can also impose civil injunctions in harassment cases as well as awarding damages to the victim for the harassment.

The PHA makes a breach of such an injunction a criminal offence, which is: This is unusual, as the normal sanction for breach of the terms of an injunction is contempt of court proceedings in the civil court that ordered the original injunction.

Conditions of the orders may include a ban from the area where the victims live or a specific ban on approaching or communicating with the victims.

Because these court orders are made in civil proceedings, hearsay evidence can be used to protect victims who are too scared to come to court.

In some cases, the victim and the perpetrator live close to each other, often as neighbours.

If the offence is committed with intent to cause harassment, alarm or distress, the offender can be given 6 months' imprisonment or a fine. S1 (1) of the Protection from Harassment Act 1997 and Article 3(1) of the Protection from Harassment (Northern Ireland) Order 1997 state: A person must not pursue a course of conduct: Harassment is defined as causing alarm or causing distress, and a course of conduct which can include speech must involve conduct on at least 2 occasions.

Anti-social behaviour orders and injunctions and Community Protection Notices are available to protect people from behaviour causing harassment, alarm or distress.



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