The then Qajar monarch Mohammad Ali Shah abolished the constitution and bombarded the parliament with the help of the Russian-controlled Cossack Brigade on June 23, 1908.
That followed the capture of the city by the revolutionary forces of Ali-Qoli Khan (Sardar Asad II) and Mohammad Vali Khan (Sepahsalar e Tonekaboni) on July 13, 1909.
Clockwise from top: Milad Tower seen from Qarb Town, northern Tehran seen from Ab-o-Atash Park, City Theater, Mount Tochal seen from Abrisham Bridge, Tabiat Bridge, Chitgar Lake, Golestan Palace, Ferdows Garden, and the Azadi Tower.) is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province.
The growing social awareness of civil rights resulted in the Constitutional Revolution and the first constitution of Iran in 1906.
On June 2, 1907, the parliament passed a law on local governance known as the Baladie (municipal law), providing a detailed outline on issues such as the role of councils within the city, the members' qualifications, the election process, and the requirements to be entitled to vote.
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The second major planning exercise in Tehran took place under the supervision of Dar ol Fonun.